There are some 'Health Score Basics' that will help you understand and interpret the Watershed Health Scores. These include:
A health score is a comparative index that synthesizes statewide ecological data into a single range of values. Health scores are calculated for all watersheds in Minnesota creating index values from 0 -100, red to green. A score of 100 indicates the best condition or least amount of risk; a score of 0 indicates an unhealthy condition or the highest health risk. The data used for calculating the score must be available for the entire state with data collection likely to continue into the future. Comparing health scores can reveal parts of the ecological system that are functioning well and those that may be facing challenges.
The list of available health index scores is found here. Underneath several of the index scores, there are sub-scores refered to as 'metrics'. These scores are on the same 0-100, red to green color ramp, but they represent a subset of data that is related to the health index. When using the health scores in the map, a small down arrow next to the index score name indicates that metrics are available.
A health score may represent:
Score: 0 = No expected species present / 100 = all expected species present
When managing natural resource systems, scientists, land managers and private landowners are often asked to address a problem that is actually a 'system response'. Impaired water quality, flooding, invasive species, poor fishing success - these are all complex responses.
While usually straightforward to measure, a system response is not easy to change. Watershed conditions and context interact through complex cycles to produce the response, requiring an in-depth understanding of system function to create a new outcome.
There are two ways to manage for a system response. Like a personal health problem, one choice is to address the symptom (quick, easy); the other is to improve system function (longer, consistent effort).