Appearance: Deciduous vine that grows up to 66 ft. long. Vines climb by winding around a tree or other support structure.
Leaves: Alternate, simple, vary in shape from oblong to almost round. Leaf size is also variable from 2-5" long to 1.4-2" wide. Leaf margins have rounded teeth.
Flowers: There are separate male and female plants. Flowering occurs in the spring and flowers are arranged in clusters of 2-7 at the leaf axils. Each flower has 5 petals and 5 sepals. Flowers are small and greenish-yellow.
Fruit: Fruits are round and change in color from green to bright red with a yellow capsule as they mature. Typical female plants can produce up to 370 fruits which ripen in the fall.
Roots: Underground rhizomes spread and can send up new plants.
To distinguish from the native vine, American bittersweet (Celastrus scandens):