Residential

Wood Lot


Choosing the right tree or shrub for your area - Tree planting and care

Choosing the right tree or shrub for your area

Answering these key questions can help you choose the right tree or shrub for your area:


1. Coniferous, deciduous or shrub?

photo: White Pine conifer image form forestry imagesConiferous trees keep their needles all year with the exception of tamarack. They are good trees to plant for privacy and wind breaks or shelterbelts

photo: Red Oak image from forestry imagesDeciduous trees lose their leaves in fall or winter. They are good trees to plant on the south side of your home to provide shade in the summer and warmth in the winter when the sun can shine through. Deciduous trees are known for their beautiful leaf color when they drop their leaves each fall.

Photo: Grey Dogwood image from Forestry ImagesShrubs are multi-stemmed woody plants that rarely exceed 15 feet in height. Mixing shrubs with tree plantings adds visual diversity, wildlife cover, and food.

2. What size tree or shrub?

Tree species vary in their height and width. For large restoration projects or planting several trees in one area, consider their mature size. (Some of the trees listed are available through Minnesota State Forest Nursery).

Note: Use trees with a mature height of 18 feet or less within 18 feet of a power line.

Short and skinny trees or shrubs: Grow up to 18 feet tall and about 20 feet wide.

Sample list

  • American hazelnut
  • Common chokecherry
  • Wild plum
  • Crabapple
  • Dogwood
  • Nannyberry
 

Medium and skinny trees: Grow 25 to 45 feet tall and about 20 feet wide. They are great for areas near fences and smaller places.

Sample list

 

Tall and wide trees: Grow higher than 45 feet tall and 40 feet wide. They provide the most shade for homes, driveways and other large, hot areas.

Sample List

 

Tall and skinny trees: Grow higher than 45 feet tall and about 20 feet wide. They provide shade in areas that do not have a lot of room.

Sample List

 


3. Other tree and shrub factors?

Trees can add more to your home than shade or a wind block. Consider trees for their:

4. Location, location, location

Minnesota State Forest Nursery offer tree and shrubs seedlings for conservation and restoration purposes to the public. All are native to Minnesota. All are native to Minnesota. Minimum purchase is 500 seedlings.

Note: Only short trees that reach a maximum of 18 feet tall can be planted under overhead utility lines. You must stay at least 10 to 15 feet away from the house foundation and at least 5 feet away from fences, patios, and other surface structures.


5. Decision