State Forests

Cloquet Valley State Forest


Management Activities: State forests are multiple-use areas that are managed to provide a sustained yield of renewable resources while maintaining or improving the forest environment. Approximately 700 acres of timber, primarily aspen, birch, and balsam fir, are available for harvest each year. Red pine and white spruce are planted on about 200 acres annually. Today, aspen and paper birch stands cover the largest portion of the forest. White spruce and balsam fir cover about 25 percent. Smaller acreages of red pine, white pine, jack pine, cedar, tamarack, black spruce, maple, and basswood are also found.

History: The virgin pine forests in this area were logged in the late 1800s and early 1900s. At first logs were transported by oxen. Later, horses and railroads were used to transport logs to mills in Cloquet, Duluth, and Two Harbors. Settlement of the forest area followed logging. Much of the land was unsuited for agriculture, and many farms were abandoned, reverting to public ownership when delinquent taxes were not paid. The Minnesota Legislature established Cloquet Valley State Forest in 1931. The original forest boundaries included parts of 12 townships. Subsequent legislative actions have expanded the forest to its present size of 327,000 acres.

Acres: 366,419

Year Estab: 1933


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