Observed Canadian fire danger indexes

Updated 13:00 2015-09-02

Station °F RH P24I Wind FFMC DMC DC ISI BUI FWI
Agassiz 85 51 0.0 11 90.4 31.3 226.2 11.0 46.5 23.0
Badoura 82 56 0.0 9 89.4 31.8 243.5 8.2 47.9 18.8
Baudette 83 64 0.0 8 88.2 22.1 197.2 6.3 34.5 13.0
Bemidji 83 49 0.0 15 90.6 34.9 268.3 15.8 52.6 31.3
Bigstone 84 70 0.0 7 85.4 29.9 169.7 4.0 41.5 9.9
Brainerd 81 62 0.0 11 88.2 28.6 319.3 8.0 46.8 18.3
Camp Ripley/Little Falls 80 67 0.0 6 87.2 31.8 230.7 4.7 47.3 12.2
Carlos Avery 71 89 0.46 5 36.4 10.8 106.1 0.0 17.3 0.0
Cass Lake 83 50 0.0 10 90.5 35.8 307.2 10.3 55.5 24.0
Cutfoot 82 57 0.0 5 89.2 24.6 283.4 5.7 40.4 13.1
Detroit Lakes 84 52 0.0 10 90.2 31.6 331.1 9.9 51.0 22.3
Effie 79 65 0.0 8 88.8 25.3 321.8 6.9 42.3 15.5
Ely 70 82 0.02 3 83.6 13.4 224.4 2.2 23.3 4.0
Fernberg 71 71 0.0 3 86.1 14.0 166.6 3.1 23.1 5.6
Grand Portage 69 73 0.0 1 81.8 9.6 176.0 1.5 17.0 1.8
Hibbing 79 57 1.04 6 62.8 10.9 251.7 0.8 19.6 0.7
Hill City 81 59 0.0 3 88.6 21.4 191.3 4.5 33.4 9.6
Isabella 66 88 0.03 1 80.2 13.3 215.7 1.3 23.1 1.8
Itasca 83 53 0.0 9 90.1 32.0 224.5 9.0 47.1 20.0
Kelliher 84 57 0.0 9 89.3 25.8 321.5 8.1 43.0 17.6
Station °F RH P24I Wind FFMC DMC DC ISI BUI FWI
Kittson 83 53 0.0 11 89.9 29.3 161.0 10.2 40.2 20.3
Litchfield 80 76 0.18 8 65.7 18.4 193.0 1.0 29.7 1.7
Littlefork 82 59 0.0 10 89.0 21.4 154.7 8.4 31.8 15.5
Meander USFS 74 69 0.0 4 86.6 13.8 83.4 3.6 19.6 5.9
MN Valley 81 72 0.18 3 63.4 16.8 221.1 0.6 28.3 0.7
Moose Lake 76 72 0.0 7 85.9 26.8 205.8 4.2 40.4 10.2
Mora 75 77 0.03 13 82.2 25.4 163.8 4.2 36.6 9.6
Orr 81 56 0.41 7 69.3 11.8 231.2 1.1 20.9 1.1
Redstn 84 72 0.23 5 64.6 14.9 96.3 0.8 21.5 0.7
Rice Lake 78 67 0.0 11 87.0 24.9 75.3 6.8 27.2 12.2
Roseau 85 54 0.0 11 89.9 27.0 175.1 10.3 39.0 20.0
Saginaw 74 74 0.01 7 85.6 23.4 251.7 4.0 38.0 9.5
Seagull Lake 72 64 0.0 2 87.6 15.7 198.9 3.6 26.2 6.8
Sherburne 75 84 0.19 7 56.2 16.6 84.3 0.5 22.2 0.5
Skibo 68 91 1.52 3 24.1 5.2 127.1 0.0 9.4 0.0
St. Croix 70 86 0.11 4 60.1 18.5 76.0 0.6 23.0 0.6
Superior #2 71 81 0.0 3 83.7 9.5 102.3 2.2 15.4 2.9
Voyageurs/Kabnam 74 72 0.01 7 86.2 17.3 193.7 4.4 28.3 8.6

Interpretation

The following chart is a statewide generalized fire danger rating chart for the Canadian Fire Weather Index. It is based on a five class danger rating system, i.e., low, moderate, high, very high , and extreme. The distribution is based on weather records from 1985 - 1998. Low days occurred 45% to 50% of the time, moderate - 30 %, high days - 12% to 15%, very high days occurred 7%-8% of the time, and extreme days were 2%-3%. This is not meant to be used as a staffing guide . Each area needs to look at its own weather data coupled with its fire occurrence data. For instance, if you have a drought code of 380, it does not mean you are in extreme fire danger. It means that the drought code only gets that high on 2% of the days between April 1 and November 1.

Index Low Moderate High Very High Extreme

FFMC

0.0 - 80.9

81.0 - 87.9

88.0 - 90.4

90.5 - 92.4

92.5+

DMC

0.0 - 12.9

13.0 - 27.9

28.0 - 41.9

42.0 - 62.9

63.0+

DC

0.0 - 79.9

80.0 - 209.9

210.0 - 273.9

274.0 - 359.9

360.0+

ISI

0.0 - 3.9

4.0 - 7.9

8.0 - 10.9

11.0 - 18.9

19.0+

BUI

0.0 - 18.9

19.0 - 33.9

34.0 - 53.9

54.0 - 76.9

77.0+

FWI

0.0 - 4.9

5.0 - 13.9

14.0 - 20.9

21.0 - 32.9

33.0+

Definitions

Fine Fuel Moisture Code (FFMC)

This provides a relative indicator of the moisture in the fine fuels. Like the 1 hour fuel moisture, it reacts directly with the air temperature and relative humidity.

Duff Moisture Code (DMC)

This is an index of the moisture of the loosely compact organic layers at a depth of 2-4 inches.

Drought Code (DC)

This measures long term dryness in the fuels. It is a longer term index than the NFDRS 1000 fuel moisture. It doesn't reflect the probability of fire occurrence by itself, but can be useful in predicting the level of mop up needed and the consumption of large fuels. It should be looked at in relation to peat fire starts.

Initial Spread Index (ISI)

This is based on the FFMC and the wind speed. It provides a relative numerical rating of the expected rate of spread. This is similar to the NFDRS Spread Component.

Buildup Index (BUI)

This index is based on the DC and the DMC. It provides a relative indication of the amount of fuel available for combustion. This is somewhat similar to the NFDRS Energy Release Component. It doesn't predict what a given day might be like, but does relate well to the dryness of the fuels.

Fire Weather Index (FWI)

This combines the BUI and the ISI to give a relative numerical rating of fire intensity. It can be compared to the NFDRS Burning Index.