Observed Canadian fire danger indexes

Updated 12:00 2014-12-18

Station °F RH P24I Wind FFMC DMC DC ISI BUI FWI
Agassiz 19 85 0.0 9 56.4 16.5 311.1 0.7 29.1 0.8
Badoura 18 82 0.0 5 63.9 17.8 404.3 0.8 32.1 0.9
Baudette 22 67 0.0 8 62.2 1.4 165.1 0.9 2.7 0.3
Bemidji 16 75 0.0 9 69.5 12.1 297.5 1.3 22.0 1.8
Bigstone 17 86 0.0 7 77.1 21.9 280.6 1.6 36.6 3.7
Brainerd 20 85 0.0 8 53.7 3.1 154.5 0.5 5.9 0.2
Camp Ripley/Little Falls 19 96 0.0 5 43.0 2.4 154.3 0.1 4.6 0.0
Carlos Avery 21 83 0.0 4 48.6 10.1 256.6 0.2 18.4 0.2
Cass Lake 18 83 0.0 6 71.1 14.0 384.6 1.1 25.7 1.5
Cutfoot 19 87 0.06 2 43.9 2.7 327.9 0.1 5.3 0.0
Detroit Lakes 17 82 0.0 10 68.7 13.9 362.3 1.4 25.4 2.3
Effie 19 83 0.0 5 66.8 7.4 309.5 0.8 14.0 0.6
Ely 22 82 0.0 4 56.8 4.6 283.1 0.4 8.8 0.3
Fernberg 20 88 0.0 4 39.9 2.4 252.7 0.0 4.7 0.0
Grand Portage 28 47 0.0 2 43.9 0.0 158.7 0.1 0.0 0.0
Hibbing 21 83 0.0 1 57.7 2.1 255.2 0.4 4.1 0.2
Hill City 19 83 0.0 1 57.4 4.0 247.7 0.4 7.7 0.2
Isabella 21 89 0.0 2 40.5 0.0 176.3 0.0 0.0 0.0
Itasca 17 79 0.0 5 70.9 26.0 404.0 1.0 44.8 2.4
Kelliher 16 81 0.01 7 65.7 5.3 232.0 1.0 10.0 0.6
Station °F RH P24I Wind FFMC DMC DC ISI BUI FWI
Kittson 17 84 0.0 6 71.7 17.8 325.4 1.1 31.3 2.0
Litchfield 19 80 0.0 5 39.8 6.1 266.6 0.0 11.5 0.0
Littlefork 20 72 0.0 6 55.8 1.0 265.1 0.5 2.0 0.2
Meander USFS 19 87 0.03 2 30.4 0.0 276.3 0.0 0.0 0.0
MN Valley 21 82 0.0 3 76.6 43.2 249.7 1.1 60.3 3.6
Moose Lake 23 85 0.0 2 37.9 0.0 172.9 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mora 22 86 0.0 4 39.2 2.3 108.3 0.0 4.4 0.0
Orr 19 82 0.0 1 54.2 2.8 343.9 0.3 5.5 0.1
Redstn 23 98 0.0 3 21.3 10.1 315.9 0.0 18.7 0.0
Rice Lake 22 100 0.0 0 19.6 0.0 113.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Roseau 21 71 0.0 8 75.7 12.4 341.7 1.5 22.7 2.4
Saginaw 24 81 0.0 0 37.0 0.0 154.3 0.0 0.0 0.0
Seagull Lake 17 74 0.0 1
Sherburne 20 90 0.0 4 38.5 5.1 221.0 0.0 9.6 0.0
St. Croix 22 82 0.0 3 37.9 1.3 72.3 0.0 2.5 0.0
Voyageurs/Kabnam 19 83 0.0 0 37.2 0.0 200.7 0.0 0.0 0.0

Interpretation

The following chart is a statewide generalized fire danger rating chart for the Canadian Fire Weather Index. It is based on a five class danger rating system, i.e., low, moderate, high, very high , and extreme. The distribution is based on weather records from 1985 - 1998. Low days occurred 45% to 50% of the time, moderate - 30 %, high days - 12% to 15%, very high days occurred 7%-8% of the time, and extreme days were 2%-3%. This is not meant to be used as a staffing guide . Each area needs to look at its own weather data coupled with its fire occurrence data. For instance, if you have a drought code of 380, it does not mean you are in extreme fire danger. It means that the drought code only gets that high on 2% of the days between April 1 and November 1.

Index Low Moderate High Very High Extreme

FFMC

0.0 - 80.9

81.0 - 87.9

88.0 - 90.4

90.5 - 92.4

92.5+

DMC

0.0 - 12.9

13.0 - 27.9

28.0 - 41.9

42.0 - 62.9

63.0+

DC

0.0 - 79.9

80.0 - 209.9

210.0 - 273.9

274.0 - 359.9

360.0+

ISI

0.0 - 3.9

4.0 - 7.9

8.0 - 10.9

11.0 - 18.9

19.0+

BUI

0.0 - 18.9

19.0 - 33.9

34.0 - 53.9

54.0 - 76.9

77.0+

FWI

0.0 - 4.9

5.0 - 13.9

14.0 - 20.9

21.0 - 32.9

33.0+

Definitions

Fine Fuel Moisture Code (FFMC)

This provides a relative indicator of the moisture in the fine fuels. Like the 1 hour fuel moisture, it reacts directly with the air temperature and relative humidity.

Duff Moisture Code (DMC)

This is an index of the moisture of the loosely compact organic layers at a depth of 2-4 inches.

Drought Code (DC)

This measures long term dryness in the fuels. It is a longer term index than the NFDRS 1000 fuel moisture. It doesn't reflect the probability of fire occurrence by itself, but can be useful in predicting the level of mop up needed and the consumption of large fuels. It should be looked at in relation to peat fire starts.

Initial Spread Index (ISI)

This is based on the FFMC and the wind speed. It provides a relative numerical rating of the expected rate of spread. This is similar to the NFDRS Spread Component.

Buildup Index (BUI)

This index is based on the DC and the DMC. It provides a relative indication of the amount of fuel available for combustion. This is somewhat similar to the NFDRS Energy Release Component. It doesn't predict what a given day might be like, but does relate well to the dryness of the fuels.

Fire Weather Index (FWI)

This combines the BUI and the ISI to give a relative numerical rating of fire intensity. It can be compared to the NFDRS Burning Index.