Observed Canadian fire danger indexes

Updated 13:00 2015-08-02

Station °F RH P24I Wind FFMC DMC DC ISI BUI FWI
Agassiz 71 42 0.28 15 75.0 18.1 210.5 2.6 29.8 5.5
Badoura 76 46 0.0 10 90.5 35.6 262.9 10.3 53.2 23.5
Baudette 72 38 0.19 10 77.2 26.0 174.6 2.0 37.8 4.9
Bemidji 75 45 0.01 12 90.6 30.3 157.4 12.3 40.9 23.3
Bigstone 79 60 0.0 13 88.3 24.3 205.9 9.7 37.6 18.8
Brainerd 77 48 0.0 11 90.3 36.4 264.6 11.0 54.2 24.7
Camp Ripley/Little Falls 80 51 0.0 10 90.1 34.5 222.6 9.8 49.7 21.8
Carlos Avery 78 72 0.0 7 86.6 29.0 105.4 4.6 34.4 10.1
Cass Lake 74 43 0.0 10 90.7 28.1 170.9 10.7 39.8 20.8
Cutfoot 76 48 0.01 4 89.5 35.9 202.6 5.6 49.8 14.4
Detroit Lakes 74 50 0.12 18 81.0 23.4 293.8 5.5 39.0 12.4
Effie 69 79 0.32 6 50.8 19.0 278.7 0.3 32.4 0.4
Ely 72 52 0.18 10 72.6 33.4 255.2 1.5 50.3 4.7
Fernberg 69 54 0.2 12 69.3 22.1 277.3 1.6 36.8 3.9
Grand Portage 74 52 0.19 7 71.8 26.6 271.0 1.2 42.7 3.0
Hibbing 74 48 0.03 15 87.7 52.1 359.4 10.5 76.5 28.5
Hill City 76 56 0.04 6 85.0 32.2 305.2 3.4 51.0 9.9
Isabella 69 55 0.16 8 67.7 23.5 240.8 1.1 37.7 2.5
Itasca 74 50 0.0 8 89.7 30.0 212.6 7.8 44.4 17.5
Kelliher 72 51 0.2 10 73.0 21.6 349.7 1.6 37.4 3.8
Station °F RH P24I Wind FFMC DMC DC ISI BUI FWI
Kittson 72 43 0.09 11 82.3 31.1 173.7 3.6 43.0 9.3
Littlefork 71 47 0.53 13 69.2 18.6 139.3 1.8 27.9 3.4
Meander USFS 68 57 0.38 4 56.7 27.1 210.3 0.4 41.0 0.7
MN Valley 83 58 0.0 15 89.0 26.2 109.7 12.6 32.8 21.3
Moose Lake 77 52 0.0 8 89.6 31.5 206.7 7.8 45.6 17.7
Mora 79 55 0.0 12 89.2 26.9 150.6 10.2 37.2 19.4
Orr 69 79 0.32 8 52.5 22.7 317.0 0.4 38.6 0.6
Redstn 81 62 0.0 13 88.2 22.1 91.0 9.5 27.5 15.8
Rice Lake 76 51 0.0 9 89.5 37.4 253.9 8.3 54.7 20.4
Roseau 73 40 0.54 15 73.7 16.2 191.6 2.4 26.7 4.8
Saginaw 74 64 0.04 6 83.7 65.4 317.9 2.9 86.4 11.7
Seagull Lake 71 49 0.37 10 68.2 32.8 277.5 1.3 50.7 4.0
Sherburne 80 60 0.11 8 78.2 22.5 85.3 1.8 27.1 3.6
Skibo 72 51 0.11 7 75.5 29.1 298.5 1.4 46.8 4.0
St. Croix 77 65 0.36 4 60.0 15.1 138.7 0.6 23.8 0.6
Superior #2 72 53 0.25 5 65.6 34.1 210.4 0.8 48.5 2.0
Voyageurs/Kabnam 72 70 0.34 2 51.4 20.4 195.0 0.2 32.4 0.3

Interpretation

The following chart is a statewide generalized fire danger rating chart for the Canadian Fire Weather Index. It is based on a five class danger rating system, i.e., low, moderate, high, very high , and extreme. The distribution is based on weather records from 1985 - 1998. Low days occurred 45% to 50% of the time, moderate - 30 %, high days - 12% to 15%, very high days occurred 7%-8% of the time, and extreme days were 2%-3%. This is not meant to be used as a staffing guide . Each area needs to look at its own weather data coupled with its fire occurrence data. For instance, if you have a drought code of 380, it does not mean you are in extreme fire danger. It means that the drought code only gets that high on 2% of the days between April 1 and November 1.

Index Low Moderate High Very High Extreme

FFMC

0.0 - 80.9

81.0 - 87.9

88.0 - 90.4

90.5 - 92.4

92.5+

DMC

0.0 - 12.9

13.0 - 27.9

28.0 - 41.9

42.0 - 62.9

63.0+

DC

0.0 - 79.9

80.0 - 209.9

210.0 - 273.9

274.0 - 359.9

360.0+

ISI

0.0 - 3.9

4.0 - 7.9

8.0 - 10.9

11.0 - 18.9

19.0+

BUI

0.0 - 18.9

19.0 - 33.9

34.0 - 53.9

54.0 - 76.9

77.0+

FWI

0.0 - 4.9

5.0 - 13.9

14.0 - 20.9

21.0 - 32.9

33.0+

Definitions

Fine Fuel Moisture Code (FFMC)

This provides a relative indicator of the moisture in the fine fuels. Like the 1 hour fuel moisture, it reacts directly with the air temperature and relative humidity.

Duff Moisture Code (DMC)

This is an index of the moisture of the loosely compact organic layers at a depth of 2-4 inches.

Drought Code (DC)

This measures long term dryness in the fuels. It is a longer term index than the NFDRS 1000 fuel moisture. It doesn't reflect the probability of fire occurrence by itself, but can be useful in predicting the level of mop up needed and the consumption of large fuels. It should be looked at in relation to peat fire starts.

Initial Spread Index (ISI)

This is based on the FFMC and the wind speed. It provides a relative numerical rating of the expected rate of spread. This is similar to the NFDRS Spread Component.

Buildup Index (BUI)

This index is based on the DC and the DMC. It provides a relative indication of the amount of fuel available for combustion. This is somewhat similar to the NFDRS Energy Release Component. It doesn't predict what a given day might be like, but does relate well to the dryness of the fuels.

Fire Weather Index (FWI)

This combines the BUI and the ISI to give a relative numerical rating of fire intensity. It can be compared to the NFDRS Burning Index.