Forecast Canadian fire danger indexes

Forecast for 13:00 2014-07-28

Station °F RH P24I Wind FFMC DMC DC ISI BUI FWI
Agassiz 72 50 0.02 10 79.2 14.7 40.8 2.3 15.5 3.0
Badoura 71 50 0.13 10 73.7 21.6 143.0 1.7 31.4 3.5
Baudette 73 49 0.02 9 87.1 26.2 75.0 6.0 28.0 11.1
Bemidji 71 50 0.04 10 80.4 22.0 105.5 2.7 28.9 5.6
Bigstone 73 52 0.0 10 86.6 29.6 226.9 6.1 44.6 14.5
Brainerd 72 47 0.0 9 88.0 26.9 162.0 6.8 38.0 14.5
Camp Ripley/Little Falls 74 46 0.01 10 88.5 40.6 151.2 7.9 48.6 18.5
Carlos Avery 75 46 0.04 11 86.4 31.1 173.3 6.5 42.9 14.9
Cass Lake 72 46 0.0 6 78.2 15.9 154.3 1.5 25.3 2.7
Cutfoot 72 51 0.0 6 86.2 23.5 145.1 4.0 33.4 8.8
Detroit Lakes 71 51 0.02 10 82.4 30.0 179.2 3.5 42.3 8.9
Effie 73 47 0.0 6 75.6 13.7 104.8 1.3 20.6 1.8
Ely 72 41 0.0 7 76.0 14.0 159.3 1.4 23.0 2.2
Fernberg 71 42 0.0 7 77.1 15.3 140.9 1.5 24.0 2.6
Grand Portage 69 48 0.0 5 72.1 10.6 49.1 1.0 13.7 0.7
Hibbing 74 43 0.0 9 74.1 17.9 211.4 1.5 29.5 3.1
Hill City 71 52 0.0 7 82.4 14.2 165.9 2.7 23.4 4.8
Isabella 70 40 0.0 8 75.4 15.8 134.2 1.5 24.5 2.5
Itasca 72 49 0.09 10 77.0 17.9 131.1 2.0 26.7 3.9
Kelliher 71 52 0.02 10 79.1 14.3 132.0 2.3 22.5 4.0
Station °F RH P24I Wind FFMC DMC DC ISI BUI FWI
Kittson 74 50 0.02 9 81.3 19.3 77.9 2.7 23.8 5.0
Litchfield 72 52 0.01 11 86.9 28.0 226.1 7.0 42.8 15.7
Littlefork 73 47 0.0 6 79.3 14.6 84.3 1.7 20.4 2.5
Meander USFS 70 48 0.0 6 85.5 21.3 152.9 3.6 31.6 7.8
Mille Lacs WMA 74 45 0.03 9 85.2 16.5 170.3 4.6 26.6 8.6
MN Valley 73 51 0.03 11 86.3 31.1 212.9 6.4 45.6 15.3
Moose Lake 73 43 0.15 7 68.2 14.5 196.7 1.0 24.5 1.3
Mora 74 46 0.05 9 84.7 20.7 114.1 4.2 28.5 8.4
Orr 72 48 0.0 6 75.0 14.6 123.2 1.2 22.6 1.7
Redstn 71 56 0.0 13 82.0 19.4 225.9 4.0 31.9 8.5
Rice Lake 74 44 0.15 6 74.6 19.4 153.8 1.3 29.5 2.3
Roseau 74 52 0.02 8 84.8 24.4 155.8 3.9 35.1 8.9
Saginaw 72 44 0.43 9 60.9 9.0 168.6 0.9 15.8 0.7
Seagull Lake 73 38 0.0 8 80.4 14.4 167.8 2.3 23.7 4.1
Sherburne 74 49 0.04 10 85.6 32.3 196.0 5.3 45.7 13.2
St. Croix 73 44 0.12 5 76.6 23.5 197.4 1.3 36.3 3.0
Voyageurs/Kabnam 71 49 0.0 5 76.0 12.6 38.0 1.2 13.8 0.9

Interpretation

The following chart is a statewide generalized fire danger rating chart for the Canadian Fire Weather Index. It is based on a five class danger rating system, i.e., low, moderate, high, very high , and extreme. The distribution is based on weather records from 1985 - 1998. Low days occurred 45% to 50% of the time, moderate - 30 %, high days - 12% to 15%, very high days occurred 7%-8% of the time, and extreme days were 2%-3%. This is not meant to be used as a staffing guide . Each area needs to look at its own weather data coupled with its fire occurrence data. For instance, if you have a drought code of 380, it does not mean you are in extreme fire danger. It means that the drought code only gets that high on 2% of the days between April 1 and November 1.

Index Low Moderate High Very High Extreme

FFMC

0.0 - 80.9

81.0 - 87.9

88.0 - 90.4

90.5 - 92.4

92.5+

DMC

0.0 - 12.9

13.0 - 27.9

28.0 - 41.9

42.0 - 62.9

63.0+

DC

0.0 - 79.9

80.0 - 209.9

210.0 - 273.9

274.0 - 359.9

360.0+

ISI

0.0 - 3.9

4.0 - 7.9

8.0 - 10.9

11.0 - 18.9

19.0+

BUI

0.0 - 18.9

19.0 - 33.9

34.0 - 53.9

54.0 - 76.9

77.0+

FWI

0.0 - 4.9

5.0 - 13.9

14.0 - 20.9

21.0 - 32.9

33.0+

Definitions

Fine Fuel Moisture Code (FFMC)

This provides a relative indicator of the moisture in the fine fuels. Like the 1 hour fuel moisture, it reacts directly with the air temperature and relative humidity.

Duff Moisture Code (DMC)

This is an index of the moisture of the loosely compact organic layers at a depth of 2-4 inches.

Drought Code (DC)

This measures long term dryness in the fuels. It is a longer term index than the NFDRS 1000 fuel moisture. It doesn't reflect the probability of fire occurrence by itself, but can be useful in predicting the level of mop up needed and the consumption of large fuels. It should be looked at in relation to peat fire starts.

Initial Spread Index (ISI)

This is based on the FFMC and the wind speed. It provides a relative numerical rating of the expected rate of spread. This is similar to the NFDRS Spread Component.

Buildup Index (BUI)

This index is based on the DC and the DMC. It provides a relative indication of the amount of fuel available for combustion. This is somewhat similar to the NFDRS Energy Release Component. It doesn't predict what a given day might be like, but does relate well to the dryness of the fuels.

Fire Weather Index (FWI)

This combines the BUI and the ISI to give a relative numerical rating of fire intensity. It can be compared to the NFDRS Burning Index.