Forecast Canadian fire danger indexes

Forecast for 13:00 2014-09-02

Station °F RH P24I Wind FFMC DMC DC ISI BUI FWI
Agassiz 71 50 0.1 11 77.9 21.9 229.8 2.4 35.3 5.6
Badoura 73 46 0.03 12 86.7 16.2 285.5 6.8 28.3 12.4
Baudette 70 51 0.06 10 79.6 18.1 234.1 2.5 30.3 5.4
Bemidji 70 46 0.0 13 87.7 14.0 199.4 8.7 23.8 13.7
Bigstone 75 47 0.02 10 86.3 12.9 118.1 5.8 20.3 9.1
Brainerd 73 45 0.43 9 68.4 4.8 29.8 1.3 6.9 0.6
Camp Ripley/Little Falls 72 47 0.0 8 84.6 6.5 55.0 3.8 10.0 4.1
Carlos Avery 73 54 0.0 7 81.0 7.2 134.9 2.2 12.7 2.5
Cass Lake 71 47 0.0 12 87.3 12.4 273.7 7.5 22.3 11.8
Cutfoot 71 47 0.0 10 86.4 14.7 281.6 5.9 26.0 10.6
Detroit Lakes 71 50 0.11 13 78.5 12.7 289.4 2.8 22.8 4.9
Effie 72 39 0.0 10 88.4 14.0 256.3 7.7 24.7 12.8
Ely 70 43 0.02 11 81.8 9.8 202.9 3.5 17.5 5.3
Grand Portage 68 46 0.0 11 73.0 4.2 139.5 1.8 7.8 0.9
Hibbing 72 44 0.0 10 82.5 11.7 321.5 3.5 21.4 5.9
Hill City 70 46 0.0 11 87.1 11.5 245.7 7.1 20.7 10.9
Isabella 69 45 0.0 11 77.6 5.9 187.9 2.3 10.9 2.3
Itasca 72 47 0.03 13 86.2 11.3 236.5 7.0 20.2 10.6
Kelliher 72 43 0.0 10 87.6 13.2 252.8 7.0 23.4 11.5
Kittson 72 55 0.09 10 73.5 14.3 234.8 1.6 24.8 2.9
Station °F RH P24I Wind FFMC DMC DC ISI BUI FWI
Litchfield 74 50 0.0 8 83.3 7.7 224.1 3.2 14.2 4.2
Littlefork 72 45 0.04 9 85.3 25.2 256.9 4.8 40.5 11.3
Meander USFS 68 46 0.12 10 75.5 12.0 287.1 1.8 21.8 2.9
Mille Lacs WMA 72 50 0.01 9 78.9 5.3 72.6 2.0 9.0 1.6
MN Valley 75 52 0.0 6 82.1 14.4 263.0 2.3 25.3 4.4
Moose Lake 72 45 0.0 8 81.2 7.8 195.6 2.5 14.1 3.1
Mora 72 48 0.0 8 81.0 7.0 107.0 2.4 12.0 2.7
Orr 70 45 0.02 9 82.5 21.5 315.3 3.2 36.7 7.6
Redstn 74 55 0.01 11 86.4 12.7 293.7 6.2 22.8 10.3
Rice Lake 72 46 0.0 9 81.8 6.6 61.9 2.9 10.5 3.0
Roseau 70 53 0.02 11 82.4 20.5 365.4 3.7 35.9 8.5
Saginaw 72 45 0.0 9 81.4 7.1 182.5 2.8 12.9 3.4
Seagull Lake 69 44 0.02 11 77.3 5.9 135.1 2.2 10.7 2.2
Sherburne 74 50 0.0 8 82.6 9.1 108.8 2.9 15.1 4.0
St. Croix 74 45 0.09 8 75.6 6.6 177.3 1.5 12.1 1.1
Voyageurs/Kabnam 69 45 0.0 9 72.2 19.1 234.8 1.4 31.7 2.9

Interpretation

The following chart is a statewide generalized fire danger rating chart for the Canadian Fire Weather Index. It is based on a five class danger rating system, i.e., low, moderate, high, very high , and extreme. The distribution is based on weather records from 1985 - 1998. Low days occurred 45% to 50% of the time, moderate - 30 %, high days - 12% to 15%, very high days occurred 7%-8% of the time, and extreme days were 2%-3%. This is not meant to be used as a staffing guide . Each area needs to look at its own weather data coupled with its fire occurrence data. For instance, if you have a drought code of 380, it does not mean you are in extreme fire danger. It means that the drought code only gets that high on 2% of the days between April 1 and November 1.

Index Low Moderate High Very High Extreme

FFMC

0.0 - 80.9

81.0 - 87.9

88.0 - 90.4

90.5 - 92.4

92.5+

DMC

0.0 - 12.9

13.0 - 27.9

28.0 - 41.9

42.0 - 62.9

63.0+

DC

0.0 - 79.9

80.0 - 209.9

210.0 - 273.9

274.0 - 359.9

360.0+

ISI

0.0 - 3.9

4.0 - 7.9

8.0 - 10.9

11.0 - 18.9

19.0+

BUI

0.0 - 18.9

19.0 - 33.9

34.0 - 53.9

54.0 - 76.9

77.0+

FWI

0.0 - 4.9

5.0 - 13.9

14.0 - 20.9

21.0 - 32.9

33.0+

Definitions

Fine Fuel Moisture Code (FFMC)

This provides a relative indicator of the moisture in the fine fuels. Like the 1 hour fuel moisture, it reacts directly with the air temperature and relative humidity.

Duff Moisture Code (DMC)

This is an index of the moisture of the loosely compact organic layers at a depth of 2-4 inches.

Drought Code (DC)

This measures long term dryness in the fuels. It is a longer term index than the NFDRS 1000 fuel moisture. It doesn't reflect the probability of fire occurrence by itself, but can be useful in predicting the level of mop up needed and the consumption of large fuels. It should be looked at in relation to peat fire starts.

Initial Spread Index (ISI)

This is based on the FFMC and the wind speed. It provides a relative numerical rating of the expected rate of spread. This is similar to the NFDRS Spread Component.

Buildup Index (BUI)

This index is based on the DC and the DMC. It provides a relative indication of the amount of fuel available for combustion. This is somewhat similar to the NFDRS Energy Release Component. It doesn't predict what a given day might be like, but does relate well to the dryness of the fuels.

Fire Weather Index (FWI)

This combines the BUI and the ISI to give a relative numerical rating of fire intensity. It can be compared to the NFDRS Burning Index.